Kate’s Legacy

By J. L. Starkey

Pray God you can cope.

I stand outside this woman’s work, this woman’s world.

It’s hard on the man.

Now his part is over.

-Kate Bush

This week’s 52 Ancestors prompt, “large family,” was supposed to be a given. Stand back – I got this! I grew up on stories of my great-grandmother and her sixteen children. So of course, I should write about her, right?


In learning about my great-grandmother, I discovered that she certainly didn’t corner the market on having a large family. That trend (along with the tendency to marry young) started two generations earlier, with my third-great-grandmother.

In genealogy, we are often reminded to “tell their stories.” This week, my third-great-grandmother seems to be asking me to tell her story. She was an only child who gave birth to eleven children over the course of three marriages. Most researchers say that she died at age 41, though no one has provided a citation for that fact. I have not found an obituary, death record, gravestone, or photo of her. How sad to think that she could be forgotten. She was someone’s mother, and she was loved.

After today, I hope that she will be remembered.

Kate’s legacy: Four of her great-grandchildren, ca. 1915

Clues from Cousin Alberta

I’ve written before of my mentor, Cousin Alberta. She shared her notes and resources with me over thirty years ago, and recently I took another look at those documents.

Alberta’s rough draft of the Catlin/Williamson connection

There wasn’t much information about my third-great-grandmother, just a few blanks, the surnames Catlin and Williamson, and a note stating that this unknown Catlin had married three times. It wasn’t much to go on, but with a lot of research (and a little luck), I found my third-great-grandmother, Catherine (Kate) Catlin-Hardin-Williamson-Watkins.

I was barely thirteen when Alberta sent me that family tree. It was the 1980s, and I was excited that I would be fourteen soon, because that meant more privileges and more freedom! Life was filled with school and speech activities, color guard practice, and fun times with friends.

But Kate Catlin? She lived a very different life than that.

An Abrupt End to Childhood

Kate Catlin and Albert Hardin marriage certificate, 1855 [FamilySearch image]

Born in Illinois around 1841, Kate was the only child of Horace and Hannah (Gist) Catlin [1]. When she was barely fourteen, she married 25-year-old Albert B. Hardin [2]. According to some family histories, the couple lost their first child in infancy in 1857, when Kate was just sixteen years old. The following year, she gave birth to a daughter named Mary Florence [3].

Albert died In 1859, when Kate was just 18 years old. The young widow found herself struggling to settle her intestate husband’s estate while also providing for her daughter.

Overwhelmed, and probably terrified of what the future held, Kate turned the legal tasks over to her father. I wonder how she felt when, in February 1860, the estate was declared insolvent, leaving her with just $167.20 in cash and assets to her name [4].

It’s not surprising that Kate remarried, and quickly. Just ten months after Albert’s estate was settled, she married John B. Williamson, my third-great-grandfather (you can learn more about him by clicking here). She was just eighteen years old at the time [5].

It is tempting to assume that John and Kate lived happily ever after, but it didn’t happen that way. In 1870, Kate was 29 years old and raising five children when she suddenly found herself widowed again [6]. Life seemed to deal one cruel blow after another to her, for John B. Williamson (like Albert Hardin) also died without a will [7].

The one bright spot was that John’s estate was large enough for Kate and her children to enjoy some degree of security [8]. And with her father’s stepbrother named as administrator, what could possibly go wrong?

A lot, apparently.

The estate settlement dragged on for five years; by December 1874, administrator George Overton was found to be in default of his duties as executor [9]. By that time, Kate’s father had been named guardian of three of her children [10].

George Overton defaults as executor [FamilySearch image]

This time, Kate did not wait to see what would happen. Maybe she saw the writing on the wall, or maybe she craved security, but she certainly didn’t stick around to see how the situation would pan out.

Instead, she made a drastic change.

A New Life in Kansas

On 29 November 1871, Katie married William Riley Watkins, a widower with several children of his own [11]. Over the next eight years, the couple welcomed five children to their blended family. Their youngest child, Minnie, was born when Kate was 38 years old and already a grandmother of two [12].

Kate Catlin and William Riley Watkins marriage [FamilySearch image]

Sadly, Kate’s happily-ever-after would never be realized. She died around 1882 at age 41, leaving nine children grieving the loss of a mother who left this world far too early [13]. Her early death seemed especially unfair, since long lifespans ran in Kate’s family. Her mother lived to be 88, and several of her children and grandchildren lived well into their eighties and nineties [14].

But that was not the life that Kate lived.

I wish I could tell my third-great-grandmother what she missed and let her know that things turned out well for her children. If I could write to her, I would say:

Dear Kate,

Your kids did fine, due in part to your strength in raising them. Esther, my great-great-grandmother, apparently “could cook a fine meal,” and was simply adored by her husband.

Girtie was an adventurer, and she even took part in the 1893 Cherokee Strip Land Run! Nicholas, your eldest son, moved to Arizona, while Elmer, your youngest son, fought in the Spanish-American War.

Fannie? Well, she lived to be almost 100 years old – imagine the things she saw in her lifetime! Oh, and then there was Chuck…now, don’t worry, but he was a bootlegger, and not a very good one, it seems. He was arrested a few times, but he still lived a pretty good life.

So don’t you worry…your kids turned out fine. Your life was just too short. Maybe you got lost in the struggle of it all as you raised so many children from such a young age. But remember that you raised strong men and women who, in turn, raised strong men and women. I hope that strength is carried in our DNA, because I share that with you.

So you rest easy now, Kate. You lived a full life, and you were not forgotten.

Much love to you,

Your third-great-granddaughter


  1. 1850 United States Federal Census, District 13, White, Illinois; Roll: M432_132; Page: 364A; Image: 204. Retrieved from ancestry.com.
  2. “Illinois, County Marriages, 1810-1940,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939J-VR96-HL?cc=1803970&wc=326W-SP8%3A145958601 : 3 March 2016), 0969488 (004661312) > image 562 of 1105; county offices, Illinois.
  3. Ancestry.com. Washington, Select Death Certificates, 1907-1960 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014.
  4. Probate files, 1815-1860; Author: Illinois. County Court (Gallatin County); Probate Place: Gallatin, Illinois. Ancestry.com. Illinois, Wills and Probate Records, 1772-1999 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.
  5. Ancestry.com. Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015. (Original data: Illinois State Marriage Records. Online index. Illinois State Public Record Offices.)
  6. 1870 United States Federal Census, New Haven, Gallatin, Illinois; Roll: M593_224; Page: 390B; Image: 249292; FHL Film: 545723. Retrieved from ancestry.com.
  7. Illinois, Wills and Probate Records, 1772-1999. Will and Bond Records, 1814-1931; Author: Illinois. County Court (Gallatin County); Probate Place: Gallatin, Illinois. Retrieved from ancestry.com.
  8. Illinois Wills and Probate Records, Gallatin County Wills, Vol. 1, p. 111. Retrieved from ancestry.com.
  9. Illinois Wills and Probate Records, Gallatin County, Vol. D, p. 633. Retrieved from ancestry.com. (See also: Illinois Wills and Probate Records, Gallatin County, Vol. D, p. 630. Retrieved from ancestry.com.)
  10. Illinois Probate Records, 1819-1988, images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939J-K85D-5?cc=1834344&wc=SFKG-SPD%3A162587801%2C162644701 : 20 May 2014), Gallatin > Probate records 1869-1871 vol C > image 154 of 186; county courthouses, Illinois.
  11. Marriage License Register A, Cowley County, Kansas, Image 47. Retrieved from FamilySearch, www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C3QD-J2TB?i=46&cat=3039177.
  12. 1880 United States Federal Census, Liberty, White, Arkansas; Roll: 59; Family History Film: 1254059; Page: 154D; Enumeration District: 289; Image: 0451. Retrieved from ancestry.com.
  13. There is some disagreement on Kate’s death date, and official documents have yet to be found. Her husband William Watkins remarried by February 1884, so she probably died prior to that date. (See also: The Evening Item, Richmond, Indiana, 28 Feb 1884, p. 1, col. 3.)
  14. “Mrs. Catlin Dead,” Winfield Daily Courier, Winfield, Kansas, 13 Jun 1910, p. 1, col. 4. Retrieved from newspapers.com.

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